PHP 8.1.15 Released!

Examples

Example #1 Socket example: Simple TCP/IP server

This example shows a simple talkback server. Change the address and port variables to suit your setup and execute. You may then connect to the server with a command similar to: telnet 192.168.1.53 10000 (where the address and port match your setup). Anything you type will then be output on the server side, and echoed back to you. To disconnect, enter 'quit'.

#!/usr/local/bin/php -q
<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

/* Allow the script to hang around waiting for connections. */
set_time_limit(0);

/* Turn on implicit output flushing so we see what we're getting
* as it comes in. */
ob_implicit_flush();

$address = '192.168.1.53';
$port = 10000;

if ((
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP)) === false) {
echo
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error()) . "\n";
}

if (
socket_bind($sock, $address, $port) === false) {
echo
"socket_bind() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
}

if (
socket_listen($sock, 5) === false) {
echo
"socket_listen() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
}

do {
if ((
$msgsock = socket_accept($sock)) === false) {
echo
"socket_accept() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
break;
}
/* Send instructions. */
$msg = "\nWelcome to the PHP Test Server. \n" .
"To quit, type 'quit'. To shut down the server type 'shutdown'.\n";
socket_write($msgsock, $msg, strlen($msg));

do {
if (
false === ($buf = socket_read($msgsock, 2048, PHP_NORMAL_READ))) {
echo
"socket_read() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($msgsock)) . "\n";
break
2;
}
if (!
$buf = trim($buf)) {
continue;
}
if (
$buf == 'quit') {
break;
}
if (
$buf == 'shutdown') {
socket_close($msgsock);
break
2;
}
$talkback = "PHP: You said '$buf'.\n";
socket_write($msgsock, $talkback, strlen($talkback));
echo
"$buf\n";
} while (
true);
socket_close($msgsock);
} while (
true);

socket_close($sock);
?>

Example #2 Socket example: Simple TCP/IP client

This example shows a simple, one-shot HTTP client. It simply connects to a page, submits a HEAD request, echoes the reply, and exits.

<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

echo
"<h2>TCP/IP Connection</h2>\n";

/* Get the port for the WWW service. */
$service_port = getservbyname('www', 'tcp');

/* Get the IP address for the target host. */
$address = gethostbyname('www.example.com');

/* Create a TCP/IP socket. */
$socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
if (
$socket === false) {
echo
"socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error()) . "\n";
} else {
echo
"OK.\n";
}

echo
"Attempting to connect to '$address' on port '$service_port'...";
$result = socket_connect($socket, $address, $service_port);
if (
$result === false) {
echo
"socket_connect() failed.\nReason: ($result) " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($socket)) . "\n";
} else {
echo
"OK.\n";
}

$in = "HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\n";
$in .= "Host: www.example.com\r\n";
$in .= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
$out = '';

echo
"Sending HTTP HEAD request...";
socket_write($socket, $in, strlen($in));
echo
"OK.\n";

echo
"Reading response:\n\n";
while (
$out = socket_read($socket, 2048)) {
echo
$out;
}

echo
"Closing socket...";
socket_close($socket);
echo
"OK.\n\n";
?>

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
81
javier,javiern at gmail dot com
10 years ago
You can easily extend the first example to handle any number of connections instead of jsut one

#!/usr/bin/env php
<?php
error_reporting
(E_ALL);

/* Permitir al script esperar para conexiones. */
set_time_limit(0);

/* Activar el volcado de salida implícito, así veremos lo que estamo obteniendo
* mientras llega. */
ob_implicit_flush();

$address = '127.0.0.1';
$port = 10000;

if ((
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP)) === false) {
    echo
"socket_create() falló: razón: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error()) . "\n";
}

if (
socket_bind($sock, $address, $port) === false) {
    echo
"socket_bind() falló: razón: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
}

if (
socket_listen($sock, 5) === false) {
    echo
"socket_listen() falló: razón: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
}

//clients array
$clients = array();

do {
   
$read = array();
   
$read[] = $sock;
   
   
$read = array_merge($read,$clients);
   
   
// Set up a blocking call to socket_select
   
if(socket_select($read,$write = NULL, $except = NULL, $tv_sec = 5) < 1)
    {
       
//    SocketServer::debug("Problem blocking socket_select?");
       
continue;
    }
   
   
// Handle new Connections
   
if (in_array($sock, $read)) {       
       
        if ((
$msgsock = socket_accept($sock)) === false) {
            echo
"socket_accept() falló: razón: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($sock)) . "\n";
            break;
        }
       
$clients[] = $msgsock;
       
$key = array_keys($clients, $msgsock);
       
/* Enviar instrucciones. */
       
$msg = "\nBienvenido al Servidor De Prueba de PHP. \n" .
       
"Usted es el cliente numero: {$key[0]}\n" .
       
"Para salir, escriba 'quit'. Para cerrar el servidor escriba 'shutdown'.\n";
       
socket_write($msgsock, $msg, strlen($msg));
       
    }
   
   
// Handle Input
   
foreach ($clients as $key => $client) { // for each client       
       
if (in_array($client, $read)) {
            if (
false === ($buf = socket_read($client, 2048, PHP_NORMAL_READ))) {
                echo
"socket_read() falló: razón: " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error($client)) . "\n";
                break
2;
            }
            if (!
$buf = trim($buf)) {
                continue;
            }
            if (
$buf == 'quit') {
                unset(
$clients[$key]);
               
socket_close($client);
                break;
            }
            if (
$buf == 'shutdown') {
               
socket_close($client);
                break
2;
            }
           
$talkback = "Cliente {$key}: Usted dijo '$buf'.\n";
           
socket_write($client, $talkback, strlen($talkback));
            echo
"$buf\n";
        }
       
    }       
} while (
true);

socket_close($sock);
?>
up
1
Timofey Bugaevsky
1 month ago
Good example from Javier.

For using in docker container you can use 0 as an address:
$address = '0';

To broadcast a message to all clients, you can use socket_write() for all required clients:
...
    // Handle Input
    foreach ($clients as $key => $client) {
        if (in_array($client, $read)) {
            ...
            if ($buf == 'message') {
                $talkback = "$buf $key\n";
                foreach ($clients as $curClient) {
                    socket_write($curClient, $talkback, strlen($talkback));
                }
                continue;
            }
            ...
        }
    }
...
up
-2
zital at riseup dot net
5 years ago
due to PHP standars modify the code to:
<?php
//...
   
$write = NULL;
   
$except = NULL;
   
$tv_sec = 5;

   
// Set up a blocking call to socket_select
   
if(socket_select($read, $write, $except, $tv_sec) < 1)
//...
?>
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